Expressing cause and effect: This lesson focuses on using the phrase 'now that' to clearly express a relationship between a cause and its effect.
Example: "My friend is a lot better off now that he has moved into a smaller house."
Understanding 'Now that'
Definition and usage
'Now that' is used to express a new situation and its effect. It highlights the cause and effect relationship in a scenario.
- Option 1: Start with the effect, insert 'now that', and follow with the cause. "My friend is a lot better off now that he has moved into a smaller house."
- Option 2: Begin the sentence with 'now that', state the cause, and then describe the effect. "Now that he has moved into a smaller house, my friend is a lot better off."
It's essential to ensure the cause and effect are directly related and relevant to each other.
"Now that summer has arrived, I'm cooking on my grill a lot more."
- Cause: Summer arriving
- Effect: More frequent cooking on the grill
"Now that Mexico City has a new baseball stadium, more Mexicans are becoming interested in baseball."
- Cause: New baseball stadium
- Effect: Increased interest in baseball
"I have a lot less free time now that I'm traveling more for work."
- Cause: Traveling more for work
- Effect: Less free time
"Now that most cars have airbags, driving is a lot safer."
- Cause: Presence of airbags in most cars
- Effect: Safer driving conditions
"I have a lot more free time in the evenings now that I live closer to my job."
- Cause: Living closer to work
- Effect: More free time in the evenings
Below are two situations. Read each situation carefully and then write a sentence using what you learned in today’s video. Try to make your sentence as closely aligned to the situation as possible. After writing, click “show solution” to see an example solution.
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